|Oregon Coast Notes|
|Nestucca Bay - an Oregon Coast National Wildlife Refuge|
Nestucca Bay National Wildlife Refuge is located in southern Tillamook County and supports one tenth of the world's Dusky Canada Goose population.
The refuge contains at least seven types of habitat, including tidal marsh, tidal mudflats, grassland, woodland, pasture, forested lagg—a transition between raised peat bog and mineral soil—and freshwater bogs, including the southernmost coastal Sphagnum bog habitat on the Pacific Coast.
The verdant pastures around Nestucca Bay harbor six subspecies of geese including the world's small population of Semidi Islands Aleutian Cackling geese, a subspecies of the Aleutian Cackling Goose, and the only coastal wintering population of dusky Canada geese. The Aleutian Cackling goose was once endangered due to the introduction of arctic foxes by fur trappers to their nesting islands in Alaska. The geese had not evolved with the non-native foxes and thus had no defense against these predators. Unsurprisingly, their populations were greatly decimated by this change in the ecosystem. As a result of fox removal and other management efforts, numbers have increased from a low of 800 birds in 1962 to 118,000 in 2006. The species was removed from the endangered species list in 2001.
October through April, the refuge’s grass pastures provide winter habitats for the Dusky Canada Goose, the Aleutian Cackling Goose and a variety of migrating shorebirds, peregrine falcons and bald eagles.
Chinook and Coho salmon, cutthroat trout and steelhead are all native to the Nestucca Bay and River system.
Be sure to check out our Wildlife Maps on Our Oregon Coast Maps page